ACE inhibitors are among the most widely prescribed cardiovascular medicines.
Examples: – Candesartan, Irbesartan, Losartan,Telmisartan
Diuretics eliminate excess sodium and water from the body. Some diuretic classes also eliminate potassium, increasing the risk of hypokalemia.
There are two classes of calcium channel blockers: – 1.dihydropyridine 2.non-dihydropyridine.
Calcium channel blockers
Beta-blockers are not first-line agents in the treatment of hypertension. However, they may be used in cases of treatment-resistant hypertension or as an add-on treatment option.
used to treat hypertension in treatment-resistant cases where other drugs have proven insufficient.
Alpha-2 agonists are typically prescribed alongside a diuretic drug.
Renin inhibitors are, then, an effective way to block the effects of angiotensin II and reduce blood pressure.
Sodium nitroprusside has been used in cases of hypertensive emergencies. It is administered via the intravenous route and so has a rapid onset of effect.
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